Old Testament Scrutiny: Evaluating Alleged Prophecies of Muhammad

Old Testament


The Old Testament, a cornerstone of both Jewish and Christian religious traditions, has also found its way into Islamic discourse, particularly in the context of claims regarding prophecies about Prophet Muhammad. Some Islamic scholars argue that the Old Testament contains foretellings of Muhammad’s coming, asserting these as evidence of his prophethood. This article seeks to critically evaluate these claims, providing a detailed analysis of the alleged prophecies and exploring their theological implications.

Examining Old Testament Examples

Islamic scholars often cite specific passages from the Old Testament, interpreting them as prophecies about Muhammad. To critically assess these claims, we must delve into the context, language, and historical background of these passages.

  • Deuteronomy 18:18: This verse speaks of a prophet like Moses whom God will raise up. Islamic scholars argue that this prophet is Muhammad. However, a contextual analysis reveals that the verse refers to a line of prophets culminating in Jesus Christ, as evidenced by the fulfillment of prophecies and the parallels between the ministries of Moses and Jesus.
  • Song of Solomon 5:16: This verse includes the word “Muhammadim” in Hebrew, which some claim is a direct reference to Muhammad. However, this interpretation neglects the poetic and allegorical nature of the Song of Solomon, as well as the word’s actual meaning, which is “altogether lovely” or “most sweet,” describing the beloved in the poem.

Theological Implications and Christian Perspective

From a Christian theological standpoint, the messianic prophecies in the Old Testament point towards the advent of Jesus Christ, providing a coherent narrative from Old to New Testament. The attempt to retrofit these prophecies to fit Muhammad introduces inconsistencies and disrupts the established theological framework.

The Role of Sound Hermeneutics

Sound hermeneutics, the practice of interpreting texts, plays a crucial role in unraveling the true meaning of scriptural passages. A responsible and contextual approach to interpretation ensures that the text is understood in its historical and literary context, preventing misinterpretations and unwarranted extrapolations.


The claims of Old Testament prophecies about Muhammad warrant a thorough and critical examination. By employing sound hermeneutical principles and considering the theological implications, this article provides a nuanced and evidence-based analysis of these claims, emphasizing the importance of context, consistency, and intellectual integrity in religious discourse. The pursuit of understanding and truth, grounded in rigorous scholarship, remains paramount in navigating these intricate theological debates.